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Tuesday Bible Study Notes

Westside Care Center Tuesday, November 21, 2006

Prayer Principle 3A: Submission Introduction Mr. C. Pat Lanyon

1B.1C. Introduction: "Be filled (1B.) with wisdom (1C.)" By doing What God says is His will:

Observations Session 6

"This is the will of God": direct Statement #3 (of 3) of this fact in the Bible.

Submit to All Governing Authorities in Life

Three NT Authorities: Peter, Paul and Jesus

The Apostle Peter

1 Peter 2:11-16 Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul; 12 Having your conversation [manner of life] honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you [falsely] as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

13 Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake, whether to the king as supreme, 14 or to governors, as to those who are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do good. 15 For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men---- 16 as free, yet not using liberty as a cloak for vice, but as bondservants of God.

Peter says that God’s will is to obey authorities, whether civil, parental, or spiritual as they have responsibility for our well being. Several other verses in the Bible make this clear, and all this adds to our understanding of this submission principle. The "therefore" (v. 13) points back to the teaching that when pilgrim believers hate the worldly pleasures that God hates and live a God-honoring life, God Himself promises that even unbelievers will glorify Him when God ‘visits’ man with His kingdom. 1

With this hope, every believer should gladly submit to God’s will! Heaven will be glorious, and God will be the center of all this glory.

The Apostle Paul

Romans 13:1-7

1 Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. 2 Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. 3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. 4 For he is God's minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God's minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. 5 Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience' sake. 6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God's ministers attending continually to this very thing. 7 Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.

Titus 3:1 Remind them to be subject to rulers and authorities, to obey, to be ready for every good work.

Paul taught many things about submission in these passages.

  1. All authority comes from God. Ro 13.1, is appointed by God. Ro 13.1b
  2. Any resistance of authority is resistance to God Himself. Ro 13.2
  3. Authority is not to resist good works being done. Ro 13.3
  4. Instead of fearing authority, man should receive praise from authority because they are doing good. They do not fear authority. Ro 13.3b
  5. Authority is acting as a servant ("minister") to people because of the "good" it brings.
  6. When a man commits evil, he should "fear" because God intends for authority to judge the evil he commits. And it does usually happen [is borne not "in vain".]
  7. Authorities act as "avengers"
  8. Being subject to authorities brings peace to man’s conscience. Ro 13.5
  9. Taxes should be paid because/when they are used to prosecute evildoers.
  10. Taxes, customs, fear and honor are al included in that given to authorities.
  11. Because God sovereignly places people in authority, it is best to expect Him to correct their mis-behavior. This is not to say authority misbehavior should be not exposed however.
  12. Submission is something that requires repetition or "remind-ers" Titus 3.1

Jesus Himself

Matthew 22:15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk. 16 And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do You care about anyone, for You do not regard the person of men. 17 "Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?" 18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, "Why do you test Me, you hypocrites? 19 "Show Me the tax money." So they brought Him a denarius. 20 And He said to them, "Whose image and inscription is this?"

21 They said to Him, "Caesar's." And He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." 22 When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left Him and went their way.

Jesus clearly taught ‘it is man’s duty to obey’ civic government’s authority in concert with [at the same time as one does] the will of God. Only when the civic authorities command us to do evil [such as disobey a command given by God] would it ever be appropriate to reconsider our response to the command He has given.


  1. I will list three authority figures I have resisted this past week and write down what I will do to each to show I am sorry for resisting, and now ready to submit.
  2. I will pray for three people I know that do not submit to authority, and then think of something I can do to encourage them to see the blessing that comes when in submission to an authority under me.
  3. __________________________________________________________________
  4. __________________________________________________________________

End Notes:
These are comments from Alert Barnes on the passage, 1 Peter 2,

Verse 12. Having your conversation honest. Your conduct. See Barnes "Php 1:27". That is, lead upright and consistent lives. Comp. See Barnes "Php 4:8".

Among the Gentiles. The heathen by whom you are surrounded, and who will certainly observe your conduct. See Barnes "1Th 4:12", "That ye may walk honestly towards them that are without." Comp. #Ro 13:13.

That, whereas they speak against you as evil doers, . Marg., wherein. Gr., Greek-- in what; either referring to time, and meaning that at the very time when they speak against you in this manner they may be silenced by seeing your upright lives; or meaning in respect to which--that is, that in respect to the very matters for which they reproach you they may see by your meek and upright conduct that there is really no ground for reproach. Wetstein adopts the former, but the question which is meant is not very important. Bloomfield supposes it to mean inasmuch, whereas. The sentiment is a correct one, whichever interpretation is adopted It should be true that at the very time when the enemies of religion reproach us, they should see that we are actuated by Christian principles, and that in the very matter for which we are reproached we are conscientious and honest.

They may, by your good works, which they shall behold. Gr., "which they shall closely or narrowly inspect." The meaning is, that upon a close and narrow examination, they may see that you are actuated by upright principles, and ultimately be disposed to do you justice. It is to be remembered that the heathen were very little acquainted with the nature of Christianity; and it is known that in the early ages they charged on Christians the most abominable vices, and even accused them of practices at which human nature revolts. The meaning of Peter is, that while they charged these things on Christians, whether from ignorance or malice, they ought so to live as that a more full acquaintance with them, and a closer inspection of their conduct, would disarm their prejudices, and show that their charges were entirely unfounded. The truth taught here is, that our conduct as Christians should be such as to bear the strictest scrutiny; such that the closest examination will lead our enemies to the conviction; that we are upright and honest. This may be done by every Christian; this his religion solemnly requires him to do.

Glorify God. Honour God; that is, that they may be convinced by your conduct of the pure and holy nature of that religion which he has revealed, and be led also to love and worship him. See Barnes "Mt 5:16".

In the day of visitation. Many different opinions have been entertained of the meaning of this phrase, some referring it to the day of judgment; some to times of persecution; some to the destruction of Jerusalem; and some to the time when the gospel was preached among the Gentiles, as a period when God visited them with mercy. The word visitation (Greek,) means the act of visiting or being visited for any purpose, usually with the notion of inspecting conduct, of inflicting punishment, or of conferring favours. Comp. #Mt 25:36,43 Lu 1:68,78 7:16 19:44. In the sense of visiting for the purpose of punishing, the word is often used in the Septuagint for the Heb. Hebrew, (pakad,) though there is no instance in which the word is so used in the New Testament, unless it be in the verse before us. The "visitation" here referred to is undoubtedly that of God; and the reference is to some time when he would make a "visitation" to men for some purpose, and when the fact that the Gentiles had narrowly inspected the conduct of Christians would lead them to honour him. The only question is, to what visitation of that kind the apostle referred. The prevailing use of the word in the New Testament would seem to lead us to suppose that the "visitation" referred to was designed to confer favours rather than to inflict punishment, and indeed the word seems to have somewhat of a technical character, and to have been familiarly used by Christians to denote God's coming to men to bless them; to pour out his Spirit upon them; to revive religion. This seems to me to be its meaning here; and, if so, the sense is, that when God appeared among men to accompany the preaching of the gospel with saving power, the result of the observed conduct of Christians would be to lead those around them to honour him by giving up their hearts to him; that is, their consistent lives would be the means of the revival and extension of true religion.

And is it not always so? Is not the pure and holy walk of Christians an occasion of his bending his footsteps down to earth to bless dying sinners, and to scatter spiritual blessings with a liberal hand? Comp. See Barnes "1Co 14:24", See Barnes "1Co 14:25".

{1} "whereas" "wherein"

{e} "good works" #Mt 5:16